- Exploiting rooftop solar potential of only six cities in the state of Uttar Pradesh can deploy 11.4 GW of PV capacity, claims a CEED report
- This could bring the state 570 billion INR ($8.3 billion) investment in solar energy sector
- In the next 5 years, this could generate up to 300,000 jobs in the six cities - Lucknow, Kanpur, Agra, Meerut, Allahabad and Gorakhpur
- To address peak power deficit and grid curtailment factors, Uttar Pradesh could install 1,674 MW of grid connected rooftop solar before 2025
If six cities in the Uttar Pradesh, one of the largest states in India, use only 11% of their built-up rooftop area for solar, they can generate 11.4 GW of clean power, according to a report by the Centre for Environment and Energy Development (CEED).
As per the report ‘Uttar Pradesh: Uncovering Solar Rooftop Potential in Urban Cities’, these six cities are the state’s capital Lucknow along with Kanpur, Agra, Meerut, Allahabad and Gorakhpur.
The report outlines the solar power potential of these cities as:
- 18 GW for Lucknow,
- 01 GW for Kanpur,
- 98 GW for Agra,
- 57 GW for Allahabad,
- 900 MW for Meerut and
- 833 MW for Gorakhpur.
Nonetheless, to address grid curtailment factors and peak power deficits, the state could install 1,674 MW of grid connected rooftop solar before 2025.
Government buildings, public/semi-public buildings and industries can readily adopt rooftop solar projects.“The 11.4 GW of solar rooftop potential just in these six cities can bring 570 billion INR ($8.3 billion) investment in the solar energy sector in Uttar Pradesh, thus creating a ripple effect in employment generation with a possibility of 300,000 jobs in next five years along with an expansive upliftment of manufacturing, assembling and service sectors in the solar industry,” explained CEED’s Program Director, Abhishek Pratap. “Solar rooftop not only fuels investment and jobs but also brings inclusive development by building sustainable energy infrastructure and maintaining a healthy ecosystem.”
Ruled by the same political party that runs the central government, Uttar Pradesh has confirmed its solar power draft plan targeting 10.7 GW by the end of 2022 to support the national target of 100 GW solar by 2022. Out of this, rooftop solar makes up 4.3 GW (see Uttar Pradesh Aiming For Over 10 GW Solar). The state government has now made rooftop solar mandatory for all government buildings. Recently, Uttar Pradesh New and Renewable Energy Development Agency (UPNEDA) launched two grid connected rooftop solar tenders with 75 MW cumulative capacity under RESCO model (see UPNEDA Rooftop Solar Tender For 75 MW).
The CEED report claims the state can achieve one-third of this target just by exploiting the potential of these six major cities. The overall suitable rooftop solar area here is 98.75 km2, out of the total cities area of 5,958 km2. The 11.4 GW would be achievable on this area.
CEED suggests RESCO and Micro Utility models as appropriate business models for the rooftop solar segment in these six cities. It calls for creation of roof banks and publishing a list of interested roof owners on the government website. This would help roof aggregators connect roof-owners with project developers, said CEED.
Some other suggestions include city and sector wise implementation guidelines to benefit early adopters, improved weather forecasting techniques, creating a risk guarantee fund to support banks lending for distributed solar projects in the state, making it mandatory for industrial and commercial establishments with power load of 100 KVA and above to install rooftop solar systems to cover 20% of the load capacity.
The ‘Uttar Pradesh: Uncovering Solar Rooftop Potential in Urban Cities’ report is available on CEED’s website.